ALA Annual Conference

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Call for Papers

 American Literature Association
32nd Annual Conference

May 27-30, 2021

Westin Copley Place
10 Huntington Avenue Boston, MA 02116

Conference Directors: 
Olivia Carr Edenfield, Georgia Southern University
Leslie Petty, Rhodes

Conference Fee:  $175 
($125 for Graduate Students, Independent Scholars, and Retired Faculty).

Deadline for Proposals:       February 21, 2021

The ALA website contains details and instructions for submitting proposals as well as important information for representatives of participating author societies.  Proposals from individuals and program information from author societies should be sent to

Professor Olivia Carr Edenfield via email
(carr@georgiasouthern.edu)

by February 21, 2021 following the instructions on the website:

www.americanliterature.org

 

Our Boston Location: In 2021, the American Literature Association will return to Boston and to the Westin Copley in the Back Bay for our 32nd Annual Conference. 

ALA Conference Housing Information: The Westin Copley Place will offer a conference rate of $189 for a single or double room (triples are $229).  Reservation information will be posted November 1, 2020.  

Conference Details:  For the 2021 conference, the ALA will again rely on electronic submission of program information and conference proposals.  As usual, the societies that make up the American Literature Association will organize much of the program. Individual societies will issue their own calls for papers, which will be listed on the ALA website as well as on the societies’ own websites and publications.  Guidelines for author societies are detailed toward the end of this notice.

The report also found traffic congestion in first-tier cities such as Beijing, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Shanghai have stopped getting worse with local government efforts.
Judge for yourself.
Online registration for the 2017 national civil servant exam started last Saturday.
2016年空前的海外收购潮消耗了中国大量外汇储备,随后监管部门开始严格限制境外交易。今年8月,中国政府出台了新框架,鼓励那些符合北京战略重点的交易,并限制涉及娱乐、体育和豪宅等方面的交易。
However, before starting their EMBAs, there is already a wide gap in salaries, with women earning on average 15 per cent less than men, at $111,000 and $128,000 respectively.

Tentative Conference Schedule:

Thursday, May 27 2021:            

6城率先试点共有产权房 为公租房注入新活力

Book Exhibit: 11:00 AM – 5 PM

海南银行不良率为零 房地产行业贷款占比42.09%

Friday, May 28, 2021:              

家装热潮提前到 卖场促销抢蛋糕

Book Exhibit:  9 AM – 5 PM   

海外并购 踏入全球LED显示屏生态圈的捷径

互联网加速涂料品牌资产升值与贬值

Saturday, May 29, 2021:          

家居双十一背后的商业逻辑:六成企业在刷单

质检总局发布关于装饰装修材料等产品的质量提升方案

Sunday, May 30, 2021:              

促人口要素在城乡间自由流动

Book Exhibit:   An exhibit of scholarly books will be held during the conference.  About twenty publishers are expected to take part. To have your books represented at the exhibit, ask your publisher to consider taking part in the book exhibit or to contact Scholar’s Choice (see information below), which will organize exhibits for publishers.  Publishers should direct any questions to Alfred Bendixen at ab23@princeton.edu — We welcome the participation of publishers and are one of the few scholarly organizations that do NOT charge an exhibit fee. Publishers who are unable to attend, but wish to have a few titles exhibited should contact The Scholar’s Choice.

Scholar’s Choice:  The American Literature Association has again arranged with The Scholar’s Choice to manage the combined book exhibit for our meeting. It may be possible for your recently-published books to be included in their display.  Please refer to the following guidelines:  “Any members interested in having their book displayed at the upcoming meeting should contact their publisher between October 30th, 2020, and March 1st, 2021.  The Scholar’s Choice displays on behalf of the publishers and all requests must come from them, not the individual authors. If they don’t already have it, the press may request the appropriate paperwork by emailing Mary Lynn Howe at mlh@scholarschoice.com.”

The Conference Fee and Registration: The conference fee covers the costs of the conference including the receptions and special events.  It does not include any meals. All of those who are on the program are required to pre-registerThose who do not pre-register by May 1, 2021, will be dropped from the program.

营造80年代的感觉
同时,大批与比特币相关的创业公司于2014年创建,表明比特币势头强劲。我们没有比特币新创企业的详尽名单,但几乎可以肯定的是,2014年成立的比特币新创企业的数量,高于此前任何年份。融资平台AngelList发给《财富》的数据证实了这一点。2011年,5家比特币初创公司在AngelList上登记。2012年,这个数字增加到13家;2013年跃升至193家;2014年更是暴增至566家。【但并非所有创业公司都会(立即)在AngelList上登记。】此外,正如巴里o希尔伯特在推特上所言,1月8日,比特币日交易总量创下历史新高。
This umbrella protects your dogs from the sun and rain.
The results are based on a survey of 15,870 people across the country in August and September.

Programs: The ALA website will list a draft of the program as soon as it is available, usually during the second week of March, with updated programs posted weekly until we go to press. Copies of the printed program will be available at the conference.

ALA Membership:  Membership in the ALA is not required in order to propose or present a paper.  In fact, technically the members of the American Literature Association are the various author societies.  Individuals may keep informed about the activities of the ALA by checking our website (www.americanliterature.org), which is the primary source for information about ALA activities. 

The easiest way to find out about the conference and all ALA activities is by consulting our website:
www.americanliterature.org

ALA Guidelines: The most common ALA format is a time slot of one hour and twenty minutes with three papers and a chair.  This permits some time for discussion and three papers of approximately 20 minutes (or ten typed double-spaced pages). Organizers of panels are free to use other formats provided they respect the time limits.  Please note that the normal reading time for a paper is two minutes per double-spaced page (or 20 minutes for a 10-page paper). Furthermore, the ALA encourages panel organizers to experiment with innovative formats including discussion groups and panels featuring more speakers and briefer papers. Chairs will make sure that the panels start and end on time and that no speaker goes beyond the allotted time limit.  Chairs may NOT present papers on the panels that they are moderating, and no one may present more than one paper at the ALA conference. Individuals may, however, present a paper on one panel, and chair other panels, and/or also present on roundtable discussions.

Procedures for Author Societies:  The representatives of the various author societies that make up the American Literature Association will organize most of the program.  Societies are expected to offer their own calls for papers using their websites, email list-serves, newsletters, other publications, or mailing lists.  Each society is also expected to post a call for papers or announce its plans on this ALA website by sending the CFP to Alfred Bendixen at ab23@princeton.edu as soon as possible and No Later than December 1, 2020.   Societies are expected to advertise the national conference in their publications or on their websites.  This expectation can be met by including the following notice in appropriate publications and websites:

The American Literature Association’s 32nd annual conference will meet at the Westin Copley Place in Boston on May 27-30, 2021 (Thursday through Sunday of Memorial Day weekend).  The deadline for proposals is February 21, 2021. For further information, please consult the ALA website at www.americanliterature.org or for specific questions, contact the conference directors, Professor Olivia Carr Edenfield at carr@georgiasouthern.edu or Professor Leslie Petty at lpetty@rhodes.edu or the Executive Director of the ALA, Professor Alfred Bendixen at ab23@princeton.edu.

9月12日,苹果将在位于库比蒂诺(Cupertino)的新总部举行产品发布会,届时备受期待的10周年纪念版iPhone预计将会亮相,这款智能手机的显示屏、摄像头和总体设计都会有重大升级。
但是,小牛队的确应该摆烂。同样的还有国王队,还有热火队,还有魔术队。这些都是中游的球队,即使在最乐观的预测中都没有很高的排名。
华盛顿:到十月份底,印度减持美国政府债券到775亿美元,尽管作为世界上最大经济体的美国的经济在稳步的上升。
D1t]!J^-6h=kwFS)I
As for China, lack or stopped development represents the biggest risk for this country. So it is essential that we maintain steady medium-high growth of our economy and that in itself is China’s contribution to global stability.
从周日起,各地的观众都在叹息该剧剧终,至少从Twitter名人的帖子来看是这样的。
'So it's how do you square that circle? How do you remain true to the original creation and concept and yet at the same time not offend people in the 21st century?

The former Miss Israel, Gal Gadot spot 6th in the list of 10 most beautiful women of 2015. She is the leading fashion model for the clothing company Castro. Gadot is known for her role as Gisele Yashar in The Fast and the Furious film series.
这些利好消息为特斯拉带来了极为惊人的估值。一位名叫佐尔坦o班的特斯拉观察人士在金融网站“寻找阿尔法“(Seeking Alpha)上指出,特斯拉现在的估值,相当于它每年已经能够卖出几十万辆汽车,但实际上今年它只能卖出35,000多辆车。从另一个角度来说,特斯拉公司今年卖出的每一台车,估值相当于高达100万美元。

  1. 除去这些宏大的制作,共有40位闪亮的模特走上T台。
    排名前20的大学有13所大学是美国的大学、还有4所英国大学和3所其他大学。
    13. 《女孩帮》(Girlhood),导演:瑟琳·席安玛(Céline Sciamma)。
    4. China will continueefforts to build out C-9 (the top nine universities in China) in the form ofmore than $1 billion new investments in major campuses. Funds will becommitted to attract top faculty, build state-of-the-art facilities, andrecruit the very best students. China will lock into a global war forintelligence, education, and skill.
    IMD and Iese Business Schools have tightened their grip on the top spots of the twin FT executive education rankings, monopolising first and second places for both open-enrolment and customised programmes.
  2. China's economy grew last month, according to a closely-monitored PMI series - which indicated growth for the first time in four months.
    Funded partly by firms and companies, the charity places top graduates in schools serving low-income communities for at least two years, knowing full well that many of them will leave the profession at the end of this period.

The Sublime in the Poetry of Sample
Organized by the Ima Sample Society

 Chair:  Joseph Goodscholar, University of Great Hopes

  1. “Irony and Angst in the poetry of Ima Sample,” Noah Problem, College of Notre Doubt
  2. “The Beautiful Garden in The Jungle: Sample’s Influence on Sinclair,” Raphael Hythloday, University of East London
  3. About 40 per cent of entrepreneurs did not seek any help when securing finance. Half of these raised equity purely from their own savings and/or family and friends compared with only 40 per cent of those who sought help from the school or alumni network.

王健林称这三个行业有大钱赚 LED显示屏企业该乐“疯”了!

深度解读:2017年整木家装品牌如何生存下去?

全面提升质量水平。

在007电影主题曲榜单上,《女王密使》的主题曲获得荣誉推荐。
《受虐待经历影响的瑞典“女权主义外交政策”倡导者》(Sweden’s Proponent of ‘Feminist Foreign Policy,’ Shaped by Abuse)
The government also needs to adopt the Internet Plus governance to ensure that government services will be more easily accessible for our people.
As a point of comparison, the combined 29.1 million total from those old master sales was 34 percent less than the 44.2 million Christie’s and Sotheby’s took in at equivalent events five years ago, in December 2011.
蒂莫西·哈顿(Timothy Hutton)的小金人对归属问题做出了最好的答复,哈顿曾在影片《凡夫俗子》中表现十分优异,并成为奥斯卡金像奖最年轻的最佳配角奖得主。在数年前的一次聚会中,他的姐姐突然从冰箱里拿出小金人,和啤酒一起随机放在某处,使宾客们能够碰巧在路上拿到它,从而提提神。显然,现在它还在那里。
7. “The Kindergarten Teacher” In his tough, weird knockout, the Israeli director Nadav Lapid spins the story of a teacher’s obsession with a child poet to create a savage portrait of fanaticism and its costs.

  1. Provide the exact Title of the Session as you wish it listed in the Program. (Please try to be both concise and precise). Please do NOT use CAPS or special fonts or highlighting or Bold or any special formatting in any part of the material you send!
  2. 他们必须发自内心地明白,通过操纵选举、打击异见或者骚扰反对派让临时权力永久化是不合法的。
  3. 北京10家租赁企业将新供12万套不涨价房
  4. For each paper, begin with a number, skip five spaces, then provide the title of the presentation in quotation marks, and then the correct name of the presenter, and his or her academic affiliation. For independent scholars, you may identify a society, a place, or just note independent scholar or biographer or anything you deem appropriate. For any questions about matters of format and style, please consult The Chicago Manual of Style.
  5. 11月全国房价数据出炉:一线城市降温 二三线城市上涨
  6. Then write Audio-Visual Equipment Required and state NONE or request the specific equipment desired. The ALA will normally provide projectors for powerpoint and dvd presentations and screens (but we will not provide laptop computers).  We will no longer provide overhead projectors, slide projectors, vcrs, or cd or cassette tape players (but you may, of course, bring your own cd or tape player). Please note that audio-visual equipment is very expensive and usually takes up over $15,000 of our budget. It costs much more to rent a piece of a/v equipment and a competent Tech person for three days than it costs to buy it. Feel free to use a/v if needed, but make sure that all audio-visual requests reach the conference director by February 21, 2021.
  7. 当我表示自己对一门很难的课程十分害怕时,我的指导老师问我:“那你还想不想接受教育呢?”
    Belgium, for example, has less than a tenth of the population of Russia, its rival in the group stage, but is regarded as a far greater threat. And then there is Uruguay, which despite fewer than 4 million citizens -- barely a sixth of the population of greater S?o Paulo -- is one of the teams Brazil would least like to meet on its way to the final. How is this so?
    如果你需要买一辆新车,你有36个可选择的品牌。每个汽车品牌都满足了不同的需求,但并不是每个品牌都适合每一位消费者。有些品牌擅长制作高性能的车,有些专注于制作家庭适用的跨界休旅车,或是专门制作豪华型轿车。
    在美国发起反倾销案件比在欧盟容易得多。在欧盟,企业必须先通过公众利益测试。
    肺的一项意外功能被发现了。研究人员发现肺不仅仅能促进呼吸作用,在造血方面也起关键作用,肺每小时能制造1000多万血小板(微小的血细胞),这相当于任何特定时刻循环中的血小板的大多数。
    4.嘘声不仅仅是个手势
  8. Please italicize book-length works and foreign phrases and use quotation marks for shorter works.
  9. 疯狂的方式
    报告同时也显示,双十一已经成为由淘宝,天猫,京东领衔的电商的最大购物活动。
  10. adj. 有经验的
  1. Investors are divided as to whether the anticipated rate increase by the US Federal Reserve tomorrow has already played out, or will intensify stress for indebted companies and economies.
    Putin had positive things to say about the Russian economy, saying it has "passed the crisis -- at least, the peak of the crisis."
    Gary Oldman's first film as director in 20 years, and only his second ever, is a biopic of the pioneering 19th-century photographer Eadweard Muybridge, focusing on the affair between his wife, Flora, and Harry Larkyns, the theatre critic he kills. No casting confirmed, but Oldman had been chasing Ralph Fiennes and Benedict Cumberbatch. The man himself will play Muybridge's prosecutor.
    Bill Gates topped the list of the world's richest billionaires for the 17th time in 22 years, it has been revealed.
    5、Poor e-mail communication
    通过药物注射传播艾滋病病毒的情况已得到有效控制。2017年,经注射吸毒感染者的人数相比2012年下降44.5%。
    vigil醒着的+ance表名词,“性质,状况”→警惕
  2. 谷歌和亚马逊分居第二、三名。
    She pointed to equal pay, saying it's not "just a woman's issue" but something that affects everyone. "If you have a wife, a mother, a sister, a daughter who is working and they are not being treated fairly, the whole family suffers," Clinton said.
    在法国商学院当中,图卢兹商学院(Toulouse Business School)的进步最大,上升了14位,原因是该商学院首次进入了EMBA榜单。
    深化农村改革。
    5. Broadcaster
    由于本月初谷歌人工智能程序AlphaGo对弈韩国围棋大师李世石取得历史性的胜利,互联网巨头们就人工智能的前景展开了热烈讨论。
  3. Pink, LeBron James, Selena Gomez, Ian Somerhalder, Jay-Z and Beyonce, Ben Affleckalso made the list.
    n. 范围,行列,射程,山脉,一系列
    n. 企业,事业,谋划,进取心
    This quiet, intense Israeli film unfolds like a psychological thriller. A poetry-loving teacher discovers that one of her young pupils is a literary prodigy, and takes increasingly extreme measures to protect his gift from an indifferent world. As the story unfolds, it becomes clear that Mr. Lapid is engaged in a stealthy, ferocious critique of a society that has sacrificed its spiritual values and its cultural inheritance on the altar of power and materialism.

The media are annoying, we get that, Your Royal Highness, but there may have been more dignified ways for you (and the establishment you represent) to air your concerns.
6.头戴式电脑出现

The conference director will normally confirm the receipt of all emails within 3 business days.  The conference director may refer you to the website but will never send you an attachment to open, because of the danger of computer viruses.  By the second week in March, the conference director will let you know the day on which your panel or panels are scheduled.  You should inform your participants of the day and instruct them to register using the information on the website at www.americanliterature.org and explaining that their early registration and payment saves the organization time and money. You will also inform them to check the on-line program for accuracy and to send any corrections to both you and the conference director.  You should also inform them that participants who fail to register by May 1 will be dropped from the program.

  1. "这是波多黎各的历史时刻",50岁的何塞·达维拉,他从力挺罗塞略的政党上挥舞大旗一边说着。"总督是我们岛上的希望,也是受苦的人民的希望"。
    斯卡曼德是个魔法生物研究学家。
    4. 2012年搞笑诺贝尔奖之神经科学奖

Procedures for Individual Proposals:  Individuals may propose either a paper or a panel or round table to the conference director no earlier than December 1, 2020, and no later than the deadline of February 21, 2021.  The conference director will give preference to papers and panels on authors, texts, and topics not covered by the member societies of the ALA.  Those proposing a paper or panel on a topic represented by an author society should consult with the relevant society before submitting the proposal to the ALA. All proposals must be by email and should be both pasted in and included as attachments (preferably in WORD).

For an Individual Paper:  In the subject line of the email, please put ALA 2021 Proposal: and then a brief title of between one and five words.  That will enable the conference director to file emails efficiently. Please provide a clear and useful title for your paper and then an abstract describing the paper (usually between 250-600 words) and then a brief discussion of your status (i.e., an Associate Professor who has published a book and several articles on this topic/author; a graduate student who is offering part of his/her dissertation, etc.) or a two-page vita if that is easier.  It is important that your abstract enable the conference director and his advisory committee to evaluate the nature of your work.  You must also indicate whether you need any audio-visual equipment to present your work. Please provide a phone number (which will only be used if email fails to work for some reason).

episode
愿快乐幸福永伴你左右。

For a panel:  Please follow the sample below so the conference director can paste in the panels and round tables that are accepted.

挪威诺贝尔和平奖委员会主席亚格兰赞扬这三位女士的成就,还说,除非女性享有和男性一样的机会,否则我们不能实现持久的和平。
Kate Winslet is another Brit who’s opted for the loo for her best actress Academy Award, which she was awarded for her complex role as a concentration camp guard in the 2008 adaptation of Bernhard Schlink’s novel, The Reader.
The government is keen to encourage lending to small and medium-sized borrowers, many of whom do not have credit histories. Analysts estimate the number of Chinese consumers who are financially active but without access to credit to be 500m.
adj. 快的,迅速的

That creates an identity vacuum to be filled.
Entrepreneurs are movers and shakers. They can’t afford to analyze every detail or they’d never get anywhere. There is no place for procrastination in a startup. It’s a 24/7, no-vacation-or-sick-days kind of job that demands constant forward momentum. Make a brief assessment at every step and move on it. Trust your instincts.
科金今年去世不久后,记者卢克? 迪特里希出版了一本书,声称科金掩埋不利发现,撕毁文件,并且用不道德的方式取得了HM的同意。
[?'p?uzd]
Consumers in many parts of the world have a preference for buying local which has helped boost the value of local brands.
Variety Talk Series: “Last Week Tonight With John Oliver” (HBO)
[sin'si?li]

黑龙江集中整治房地产市场乱象 重点打击投机炒房行为和黑中介

地板企业或可借组合式营销走出低潮

We learned that there is new hope for Africans with treatable cancers.

  1. “Irony and Angst in the Gothic Novels of the Early Republic,” Noah Problem, College ofNotre Doubt
  2. “The Beautiful Garden in Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter,” Raphael Hythloday, University of East London
  3. 3. “Bridge of Spies” Years ago, Steven Spielberg entered the ranks of Pantheon Directors, to borrow the most exalted category in Andrew Sarris’s taxonomic “The American Cinema” — and there he remains.

经济观察:多项指标小幅回升 4月中国楼市企稳

With another Fast & Furious movie slated to hit theaters next summer, Johnson should have another banner year in 2014. He could do even better thanks to Hercules. The film, about the mythological hero’s life after he completes his famous 12 labors, has franchise potential written all over it. If it’s also a big hit, Johnson’s 2014 box office grosses should be huge.

Organized by: Name of Individual organizer
And then Chair: Name

另一个出人意料的新领域是纳米技术。

10. Be mindful of your attitude.
3.解决问题的好手
Ellen is talented, wonderfully spontaneous, and knows how to entertain a worldwide audience. She’s a big fan of the Oscars; we’re huge fans of hers. It’s a perfect match.
[k?n'tein]
University officials said the letter was now on its way to him along with a T-shirt from the university.
今年年初,所有华尔街经济学家都呼吁提高利率,彭博社就这个问题调查了67位经济学家的意见,他们全票赞同,有鉴于此,任何一个有理性的人都不会想要增持对利率敏感的公用事业股。把赌注押在金融股上的投资者,回报进展缓慢;而瞅准了“低价”能源股的投资者,投资组合业绩在第一和第二季度曾因此推高,却在第三和第四季度被大拖后腿,可谓“成也萧何,败也萧何”。
Citing recent figures from the CPB Netherlands Bureau for Policy Analysis, that show global trade in seasonally-adjusted volume terms fell 1.1 per cent between September and October, Mr Leering suggests last year will prove to be the worst year for world trade since 2009.
也许你在地铁上上见过各种着装怪异迥异的角色出现,可应该没人在月台上见过大熊猫成群结队吧。

To Anita Eerland and Rolf Zwaan [THE NETHERLANDS] and Tulio Guadalupe [PERU, RUSSIA, and THE NETHERLANDS] for their study "Leaning to the Left Makes the Eiffel Tower Seem Smaller."
凸起那部分有个“涡卷饰品”——(古埃及碑上)在王和神的名字周围的椭圆形装饰。考古学家在上面发现有眼镜蛇一只眼的符号。
福布斯表示,如果不扣除管理费和税费,在2015年6月1日到2016年6月1日期间,全球收入最高的10位女星共入账2.05亿美元。
Best Luxury Brand: Porsche
Morgan Slain, CEO of SplashData said: "Seeing passwords like 'adobe123' and 'photoshop' on this list offers a good reminder not to base your password on the name of the website or application you are accessing.
7.Do not ask a policeman the best way to get to the West End or how to use an Oyster card. He wants to help, but he's from the West Midlands.
你可以和老师有眼神接触。不要小看这一点起到的作用。如果你的老师总是能够知道,你是很认真的在听他讲课,并且很重视学习的话,他可能会对你提供额外的帮助。除此之外,这会使你感觉,自己又多了一位私人教师。

Some reminders:

Apple tops the list of World's 500 Most Influential Brands for 2016, compiled by New York-based World Brand Lab and released last Monday.

Mr Cook’s decision to expand its cash return programme of dividends and share buybacks helped to defuse the situation with the activists, returning $94bn to date. In the end, he stared down the challenge just long enough for the next wave of iPhone growth to hit and new products to emerge from Sir Jonathan Ive’s workshop.
根据QS的这一排名,使得中国成为入选全球400强学校第二多的国家,仅次于有164所大学的学科入选全球400强的美国。英国排名第3,有78所大学进入榜单。

Making Airbnb go away might not be so easy. A recent Quinnipiac poll found that 56 percent of the responders thought New Yorkers should be allowed to rent rooms out to strangers. “We don’t want to turn into hotels, but at the same time people want to rent out their apartments sometimes,” said Paul R. Gottsegen, the president of Halstead Management Company, which manages 250 residential properties in the city.

Will China's stock market climb back to the 6,000-point mark it reached two years ago? The stock market was at its most bullish back then, but if you ask the same question now, some would cite a global economy still reeling from a recession.
"Everywhere I go business owners are seeing an increase in demand," said Gus Faucher, senior economist at PNC Financial Services. "Businesses will have to raise wages to attract or maintain workers."

大卫评价说:“这唱的太棒了,无可挑剔,简直完美。”
16. 最受忽视的真相。“这个行业内有一个神话,就是年轻男性主导着票房,”11月,索尼电影娱乐公司电影组主席汤姆·罗斯曼(Tom Rothman)在接受《好莱坞报道者》(Hollywood Reporter)采访时说。在同一次采访中,沃尔特·迪士尼公司的主席艾伦·F·霍恩(Alan F. Horn)试图把问题简化,“演员薪酬受很多变量影响。比如说,安吉丽娜·朱莉出演《沉睡魔咒》(Maleficent)的片酬就比黛西·雷德利(Daisy Ridley)出演《星球大战》(Star Wars)高,但她们都是女性。”(哦,多谢了艾伦!)

所有人身上都存在着这两种认同,但是人们倾向于更认可他们“最好”的身份——也就是能带给他们最高社会地位或特权的认同。举例来说,事业有成的职业人士通常以事业生涯来定义自己的身份。
2014年最佳引擎榜单的其他入选者还包括宝马5系豪华轿车和紧凑型雪佛兰科鲁兹(Cruze)所使用的涡轮增压柴油发动机,保时捷Cayman双座运动跑车的水平对置2.7升6缸发动机以及大众汽车捷达紧凑车的1.8升4缸涡轮增压发动机。

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